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Android学习02-运用权限说明

www.MyException.Cn  网友分享于:2013-09-21  浏览:3次
Android学习02-----应用权限说明

一个Android应用可能需要廯才能调用Android系统的功能:一个Android应用也可能被其他应用调用,因此它也需要 声明调用自身所需要的权限。

 

1、声明该应用自身所拥有的权限

通过为<mainfest>元素添加<uses-permission>子元素即可为自身声明权限

例如:

	<!-- 访问网络权限 -->
	<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE"></uses-permission>
	<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET"></uses-permission>

  

2、声明调用该应用自身所需的权限

通过为应用的各组件元素,如<activity>元素添加<uses-permission>子元素即可声明调用该程序所需要的权限

例如:

	<!-- 声明该应用本身需要发送短信息的权限 -->
	<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.SEND_SMS">
  </uses-permission>
  

通过上面的说明,大家可以看出<uses-permission>的使用是非常简单的,Android提供了大量的权限,这些权限位于Manifest.permission类中

 

一般常用权限如下:

 

android.permission.ACCESS_CHECKIN_PROPERTIES  

允许读写访问”properties”表在checkin数据库中,改值可以修改上传( Allows read/write access to the “properties” table in the checkin database, to change values that get uploaded)  

 

android.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION  

允许一个程序访问CellID或WiFi热点来获取粗略的位置(Allows an application to access coarse (e.g., Cell-ID, WiFi) location)  

 

android.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION  

允许一个程序访问精良位置(如GPS) (Allows an application to access fine (e.g., GPS) location)  

 

android.permission.ACCESS_LOCATION_EXTRA_COMMANDS  

允许应用程序访问额外的位置提供命令(Allows an application to access extra location provider commands)  

 

android.permission.ACCESS_MOCK_LOCATION  

允许程序创建模拟位置提供用于测试(Allows an application to create mock location providers for testing)  

 

android.permission.ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE  

允许程序访问有关GSM网络信息(Allows applications to access information about networks)  

 

android.permission.ACCESS_SURFACE_FLINGER  

允许程序使用SurfaceFlinger底层特性(Allows an application to use SurfaceFlinger’s low level features)  

 

android.permission.ACCESS_WIFI_STATE  

允许程序访问Wi-Fi网络状态信息(Allows applications to access information about Wi-Fi networks)  

 

android.permission.ADD_SYSTEM_SERVICE  

允许程序发布系统级服务(Allows an application to publish system-level services).  

 

android.permission.BATTERY_STATS  

允许程序更新手机电池统计信息(Allows an application to update the collected battery statistics)  

 

android.permission.BLUETOOTH  

允许程序连接到已配对的蓝牙设备(Allows applications to connect to paired bluetooth devices)  

 

android.permission.BLUETOOTH_ADMIN  

允许程序发现和配对蓝牙设备(Allows applications to discover and pair bluetooth devices)  

 

android.permission.BRICK  

请求能够禁用设备(非常危险)(Required to be able to disable the device (very *erous!).)  

 

android.permission.BROADCAST_PACKAGE_REMOVED  

允许程序广播一个提示消息在一个应用程序包已经移除后(Allows an application to broadcast a notification that an application package has been removed)  

 

android.permission.BROADCAST_STICKY  

允许一个程序广播常用intents(Allows an application to broadcast sticky intents)  

 

android.permission.CALL_PHONE  

允许一个程序初始化一个电话拨号不需通过拨号用户界面需要用户确认(Allows an application to initiate a phone call without going through the Dialer user interface for the user to confirm the call being placed.)  

 

android.permission.CALL_PRIVILEGED  

允许一个程序拨打任何号码,包含紧急号码无需通过拨号用户界面需要用户确认(Allows an application to call any phone number, including emergency numbers, without going through the Dialer user interface for the user to confirm the call being placed)  

 

android.permission.CAMERA  

请求访问使用照相设备(Required to be able to access the camera device. )  

 

android.permission.CHANGE_COMPONENT_ENABLED_STATE  

允许一个程序是否改变一个组件或其他的启用或禁用(Allows an application to change whether an application component (other than its own) is enabled or not. )  

 

android.permission.CHANGE_CONFIGURATION  

允许一个程序修改当前设置,如本地化(Allows an application to modify the current configuration, such as locale. )  

 

android.permission.CHANGE_NETWORK_STATE  

允许程序改变网络连接状态(Allows applications to change network connectivity state)  

 

android.permission.CHANGE_WIFI_STATE  

允许程序改变Wi-Fi连接状态(Allows applications to change Wi-Fi connectivity state)  

 

android.permission.CLEAR_APP_CACHE  

允许一个程序清楚缓存从所有安装的程序在设备中(Allows an application to clear the caches of all installed applications on the device. )  

 

android.permission.CLEAR_APP_USER_DATA  

允许一个程序清除用户设置(Allows an application to clear user data)  

 

android.permission.CONTROL_LOCATION_UPDATES  

允许启用禁止位置更新提示从无线模块(Allows enabling/disabling location update notifications from the radio. )  

 

android.permission.DELETE_CACHE_FILES  

允许程序删除缓存文件(Allows an application to delete cache files)  

 

android.permission.DELETE_PACKAGES  

允许一个程序删除包(Allows an application to delete packages)  

 

android.permission.DEVICE_POWER  

允许访问底层电源管理(Allows low-level access to power management)  

 

android.permission.DIAGNOSTIC  

允许程序RW诊断资源(Allows applications to RW to diagnostic resources. )  

 

android.permission.DISABLE_KEYGUARD  

允许程序禁用键盘锁(Allows applications to disable the keyguard )  

 

android.permission.DUMP  

允许程序返回状态抓取信息从系统服务(Allows an application to retrieve state dump information from system services.)  

 

android.permission.EXPAND_STATUS_BAR  

允许一个程序扩展收缩在状态栏,android开发网提示应该是一个类似Windows Mobile中的托盘程序(Allows an application to expand or collapse the status bar. )  

 

android.permission.FACTORY_TEST  

作为一个工厂测试程序,运行在root用户(Run as a manufacturer test application, running as the root user. )  

 

android.permission.FLASHLIGHT  

访问闪光灯,android开发网提示HTC Dream不包含闪光灯(Allows access to the flashlight )  

 

android.permission.FORCE_BACK  

允许程序强行一个后退操作是否在顶层activities(Allows an application to force a BACK operation on whatever is the top activity. )  

 

android.permission.FOTA_UPDATE  

暂时不了解这是做什么使用的,android开发网分析可能是一个预留权限.  

 

android.permission.GET_ACCOUNTS  

访问一个帐户列表在Accounts Service中(Allows access to the list of accounts in the Accounts Service)  

 

android.permission.GET_PACKAGE_SIZE  

允许一个程序获取任何package占用空间容量(Allows an application to find out the space used by any package. )  

 

android.permission.GET_TASKS  

允许一个程序获取信息有关当前或最近运行的任务,一个缩略的任务状态,是否活动等等(Allows an application to get information about the currently or recently running tasks: a thumbnail representation of the tasks, what activities are running in it, etc.)  

 

android.permission.HARDWARE_TEST  

允许访问硬件(Allows access to hardware peripherals. )  

 

android.permission.INJECT_EVENTS  

允许一个程序截获用户事件如按键、触摸、轨迹球等等到一个时间流,android 开发网提醒算是hook技术吧(Allows an application to inject user events (keys, touch, trackball) into the event stream and deliver them to ANY window.)  

 

android.permission.INSTALL_PACKAGES  

允许一个程序安装packages(Allows an application to install packages. )  

 

android.permission.INTERNAL_SYSTEM_WINDOW  

允许打开窗口使用系统用户界面(Allows an application to open windows that are for use by parts of the system user interface. )  

 

android.permission.INTERNET  

允许程序打开网络套接字(Allows applications to open network sockets)  

 

android.permission.MANAGE_APP_TOKENS  

允许程序管理(创建、催后、 z- order默认向z轴推移)程序引用在窗口管理器中(Allows an application to manage (create, destroy, Z-order) application tokens in the window manager. )  

 

android.permission.MASTER_CLEAR目前还没有明确的解释,android开发网分析可能是清除一切数据,类似硬格机  

 

android.permission.MODIFY_AUDIO_SETTINGS  

允许程序修改全局音频设置(Allows an application to modify global audio settings)  

 

android.permission.MODIFY_PHONE_STATE  

允许修改话机状态,如电源,人机接口等(Allows modification of the telephony state – power on, mmi, etc. )  

 

android.permission.MOUNT_UNMOUNT_FILESYSTEMS  

允许挂载和反挂载文件系统可移动存储(Allows mounting and unmounting file systems for removable storage. )  

 

android.permission.PERSISTENT_ACTIVITY  

允许一个程序设置他的activities显示(Allow an application to make its activities persistent. )  

 

android.permission.PROCESS_OUTGOING_CALLS  

允许程序监视、修改有关播出电话(Allows an application to monitor, modify, or abort outgoing calls)  

 

android.permission.READ_CALENDAR  

允许程序读取用户日历数据(Allows an application to read the user’s calendar data.)  

 

android.permission.READ_CONTACTS  

允许程序读取用户联系人数据(Allows an application to read the user’s contacts data.)  

 

android.permission.READ_FRAME_BUFFER  

允许程序屏幕波或和更多常规的访问帧缓冲数据(Allows an application to take screen shots and more generally get access to the frame buffer data)  

 

android.permission.READ_INPUT_STATE  

允许程序返回当前按键状态(Allows an application to retrieve the current state of keys and switches. )  

 

android.permission.READ_LOGS  

允许程序读取底层系统日志文件(Allows an application to read the low-level system log files. )  

 

android.permission.READ_OWNER_DATA  

允许程序读取所有者数据(Allows an application to read the owner’s data)  

 

android.permission.READ_SMS  

允许程序读取短信息(Allows an application to read SMS messages.)  

 

android.permission.READ_SYNC_SETTINGS  

允许程序读取同步设置(Allows applications to read the sync settings)  

 

android.permission.READ_SYNC_STATS  

允许程序读取同步状态(Allows applications to read the sync stats)  

 

android.permission.REBOOT  

请求能够重新启动设备(Required to be able to reboot the device. )  

 

android.permission.RECEIVE_BOOT_COMPLETED  

允许一个程序接收到 ACTION_BOOT_COMPLETED广播在系统完成启动(Allows an application to receive the ACTION_BOOT_COMPLETED that is broadcast after the system finishes booting. )  

 

android.permission.RECEIVE_MMS  

允许一个程序监控将收到MMS彩信,记录或处理(Allows an application to monitor incoming MMS messages, to record or perform processing on them. )  

 

android.permission.RECEIVE_SMS  

允许程序监控一个将收到短信息,记录或处理(Allows an application to monitor incoming SMS messages, to record or perform processing on them.)  

 

android.permission.RECEIVE_WAP_PUSH  

允许程序监控将收到WAP PUSH信息(Allows an application to monitor incoming WAP push messages. )  

 

android.permission.RECORD_AUDIO  

允许程序录制音频(Allows an application to record audio)  

 

android.permission.REORDER_TASKS  

允许程序改变Z轴排列任务(Allows an application to change the Z-order of tasks)  

 

android.permission.RESTART_PACKAGES  

允许程序重新启动其他程序(Allows an application to restart other applications)  

 

android.permission.SEND_SMS  

允许程序发送SMS短信(Allows an application to send SMS messages)  

 

android.permission.SET_ACTIVITY_WATCHER  

允许程序监控或控制activities已经启动全局系统中Allows an application to watch and control how activities are started globally in the system.  

 

android.permission.SET_ALWAYS_FINISH  

允许程序控制是否活动间接完成在处于后台时Allows an application to control whether activities are immediately finished when put in the background.  

 

android.permission.SET_ANIMATION_SCALE  

修改全局信息比例(Modify the global animation scaling factor.)  

 

android.permission.SET_DEBUG_APP  

配置一个程序用于调试(Configure an application for debugging.)  

 

android.permission.SET_ORIENTATION  

允许底层访问设置屏幕方向和实际旋转(Allows low-level access to setting the orientation (actually rotation) of the screen.)  

 

android.permission.SET_PREFERRED_APPLICATIONS  

允许一个程序修改列表参数PackageManager.addPackageToPreferred() 和PackageManager.removePackageFromPreferred()方法(Allows an application to modify the list of preferred applications with the PackageManager.addPackageToPreferred() and PackageManager.removePackageFromPreferred() methods.)  

 

android.permission.SET_PROCESS_FOREGROUND  

允许程序当前运行程序强行到前台(Allows an application to force any currently running process to be in the foreground.)  

 

android.permission.SET_PROCESS_LIMIT  

允许设置最大的运行进程数量(Allows an application to set the maximum number of (not needed) application processes that can be running. )  

 

android.permission.SET_TIME_ZONE  

允许程序设置时间区域(Allows applications to set the system time zone)  

 

android.permission.SET_WALLPAPER  

允许程序设置壁纸(Allows applications to set the wallpaper )  

 

android.permission.SET_WALLPAPER_HINTS  

允许程序设置壁纸hits(Allows applications to set the wallpaper hints)  

 

android.permission.SIGNAL_PERSISTENT_PROCESSES  

允许程序请求发送信号到所有显示的进程中(Allow an application to request that a signal be sent to all persistent processes)  

 

android.permission.STATUS_BAR  

允许程序打开、关闭或禁用状态栏及图标Allows an application to open, close, or disable the status bar and its icons.  

 

android.permission.SUBSCRIBED_FEEDS_READ  

允许一个程序访问订阅RSS Feed内容提供(Allows an application to allow access the subscribed feeds ContentProvider. )  

 

android.permission.SUBSCRIBED_FEEDS_WRITE  

系统暂时保留改设置,android开发网认为未来版本会加入该功能。  

 

android.permission.SYSTEM_ALERT_WINDOW  

允许一个程序打开窗口使用 TYPE_SYSTEM_ALERT,显示在其他所有程序的顶层(Allows an application to open windows using the type TYPE_SYSTEM_ALERT, shown on top of all other applications. )  

 

android.permission.VIBRATE  

允许访问振动设备(Allows access to the vibrator)  

 

android.permission.WAKE_LOCK  

允许使用PowerManager的 WakeLocks保持进程在休眠时从屏幕消失( Allows using PowerManager WakeLocks to keep processor from sleeping or screen from dimming)  

 

android.permission.WRITE_APN_SETTINGS  

允许程序写入API设置(Allows applications to write the apn settings)  

 

android.permission.WRITE_CALENDAR  

允许一个程序写入但不读取用户日历数据(Allows an application to write (but not read) the user’s calendar data. )  

 

android.permission.WRITE_CONTACTS  

允许程序写入但不读取用户联系人数据(Allows an application to write (but not read) the user’s contacts data. )  

 

android.permission.WRITE_GSERVICES  

允许程序修改Google服务地图(Allows an application to modify the Google service map. )  

 

android.permission.WRITE_OWNER_DATA  

允许一个程序写入但不读取所有者数据(Allows an application to write (but not read) the owner’s data.)  

 

android.permission.WRITE_SETTINGS  

允许程序读取或写入系统设置(Allows an application to read or write the system settings. )  

 

android.permission.WRITE_SMS  

允许程序写短信(Allows an application to write SMS messages)  

 

android.permission.WRITE_SYNC_SETTINGS  

允许程序写入同步设置(Allows applications to write the sync settings)  

 

 

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