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EJB的存执和骨架的工作原理(转)

www.MyException.Cn  网友分享于:2013-02-20  浏览:4次
EJB的存根和骨架的工作原理(转)
http://www.51cto.com/specbook/23/58094.htm
一、RMI工作原理

RMI的本质就是实现在不同JVM之间的调用,它的实现方法就是在两个JVM中各开一个Stub和Skeleton,二者通过socket通信来实现参数和返回值的传递。

有关RMI的例子代码网上可以找到不少,但绝大部分都是通过extend the interface java.rmi.Remote实现,已经封装的很完善了,不免使人有雾里看花的感觉。下面的例子是我在《Enterprise JavaBeans》里看到的,虽然很粗糙,但很直观,利于很快了解它的工作原理。

1、定义一个Person的接口,其中有两个business method, getAge() 和getName()

public interface Person { 
    public int getAge() throws Throwable; 
    public String getName() throws Throwable; 
}


2、Person的实现PersonServer类

public class PersonServer implements Person {
    int age;
    String name;

    public PersonServer(String name, int age) {
        this.age = age;
        this.name = name;
    }

    public int getAge() {
        return age;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }
} 


3、好,我们现在要在Client机器上调用getAge()和getName()这两个business method,那么就得编写相应的Stub(Client端)和Skeleton(Server端)程序。这是Stub的实现:

//存根(stub)的实现

import java.io.ObjectOutputStream;
import java.io.ObjectInputStream;
import java.net.Socket;

public class Person_Stub implements Person {
    Socket socket;

    public Person_Stub() throws Throwable {
        // connect to skeleton
        socket = new Socket("computer_name", 9000);
    }

    public int getAge() throws Throwable {
        // pass method name to skeleton
        ObjectOutputStream outStream =
            new ObjectOutputStream(socket.getOutputStream());
        outStream.writeObject("age");
        outStream.flush();

        ObjectInputStream inStream =
            new ObjectInputStream(socket.getInputStream());
        return inStream.readInt();
    }

    public String getName() throws Throwable {
        // pass method name to skeleton
        ObjectOutputStream outStream =
            new ObjectOutputStream(socket.getOutputStream());
        outStream.writeObject("name");
        outStream.flush();

        ObjectInputStream inStream =
            new ObjectInputStream(socket.getInputStream());
        return (String)inStream.readObject();
    }
}


注意,Person_Stub和PersonServer一样,都implements Person。它们都实现了getAge()和getName()两个business method,不同的是PersonServer是真的实现,Person_Stub是建立socket连接,并向Skeleton发请求,然后通过Skeleton调用PersonServer的方法,最后接收返回的结果。

4、骨架(Skeleton)的实现

import java.io.ObjectOutputStream;
import java.io.ObjectInputStream;
import java.net.Socket;
import java.net.ServerSocket;

public class Person_Skeleton extends Thread {
    PersonServer myServer;

    public Person_Skeleton(PersonServer server) {
        // get reference of object server
        this.myServer = server;
    }

    public void run() {
        try {
            // new socket at port 9000
            ServerSocket serverSocket = new ServerSocket(9000);
            // accept stub's request
            Socket socket = serverSocket.accept();

            while (socket != null) {
                // get stub's request
                ObjectInputStream inStream =
                    new ObjectInputStream(socket.getInputStream());
                String method = (String)inStream.readObject();

                // check method name
                if (method.equals("age")) {
                    // execute object server's business method
                    int age = myServer.getAge();
                    ObjectOutputStream outStream =
                        new ObjectOutputStream(socket.getOutputStream());

                    // return result to stub
                    outStream.writeInt(age);
                    outStream.flush();
                }

                if(method.equals("name")) {
                    // execute object server's business method
                    String name = myServer.getName();
                    ObjectOutputStream outStream =
                        new ObjectOutputStream(socket.getOutputStream());

                    // return result to stub
                    outStream.writeObject(name);
                    outStream.flush();
                }
            }
        } catch(Throwable t) {
            t.printStackTrace();
            System.exit(0);
        }
    }

    public static void main(String args []) {
        // new object server
        PersonServer person = new PersonServer("Richard", 34);

        Person_Skeleton skel = new Person_Skeleton(person);
        skel.start();
    }
}


}

Skeleton类extends from Thread,它长驻在后台运行,随时接收client发过来的request。并根据发送过来的key去调用相应的business method。

5、最后一个,Client的实现

public class PersonClient { 
    public static void main(String [] args) { 
        try { 
            Person person = new Person_Stub(); 
            int age = person.getAge(); 
            String name = person.getName(); 
            System.out.println(name + " is " + age + " years old"); 
        } catch(Throwable t) { 
            t.printStackTrace(); 
        } 
    } 
}


Client的本质是,它要知道Person接口的定义,并实例一个Person_Stub,通过Stub来调用business method,至于Stub怎么去和Server沟通,Client就不用管了。

注意它的写法:



Person person = new Person_Stub();


而不是

Person_Stub person = new Person_Stub(); 


为什么?因为要面向接口编程嘛,呵呵!

//RMI实质上就是生成2个类stub,skeleton来进行参数和返回值的传递,采用值传递方式
//类似于以前写的聊天室程序,被传递的对象应实现java.io.Serializable接口





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