MyException - 我的异常网
当前位置:我的异常网» 互联网 » Netty TCP粘包/拆包 自定义字符串跟字符串长度 2种

Netty TCP粘包/拆包 自定义字符串跟字符串长度 2种分包方式

www.MyException.Cn  网友分享于:2018-05-16  浏览:0次
Netty TCP粘包/拆包 自定义字符串和字符串长度 2种分包方式
package bhz.netty.ende1;

import java.nio.ByteBuffer;

import io.netty.bootstrap.ServerBootstrap;
import io.netty.buffer.ByteBuf;
import io.netty.buffer.Unpooled;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelFuture;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelInitializer;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelOption;
import io.netty.channel.EventLoopGroup;
import io.netty.channel.nio.NioEventLoopGroup;
import io.netty.channel.socket.SocketChannel;
import io.netty.channel.socket.nio.NioServerSocketChannel;
import io.netty.handler.codec.DelimiterBasedFrameDecoder;
import io.netty.handler.codec.FixedLengthFrameDecoder;
import io.netty.handler.codec.string.StringDecoder;
import io.netty.handler.codec.string.StringEncoder;

public class Server {

	/**
	 * 用分隔符区分每条请求信息
	 */
	public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception{
		//1 创建2个线程,一个是负责接收客户端的连接。一个是负责进行数据传输的
		EventLoopGroup pGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup();
		EventLoopGroup cGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup();
		
		//2 创建服务器辅助类
		ServerBootstrap b = new ServerBootstrap();
		b.group(pGroup, cGroup)
		 .channel(NioServerSocketChannel.class)
		 .option(ChannelOption.SO_BACKLOG, 1024)
		 .option(ChannelOption.SO_SNDBUF, 32*1024)
		 .option(ChannelOption.SO_RCVBUF, 32*1024)
		 .childHandler(new ChannelInitializer<SocketChannel>() {
			@Override
			protected void initChannel(SocketChannel sc) throws Exception {
				//设置特殊分隔符 (这样就可以判断每次请求什么时候结束)
				ByteBuf buf = Unpooled.copiedBuffer("$_".getBytes());
                                 //设置定长字符串接收
				//sc.pipeline().addLast(new FixedLengthFrameDecoder(5));
				sc.pipeline().addLast(new DelimiterBasedFrameDecoder(1024, buf));
				//设置字符串形式的解码(这样服务器端就可以以字符串形式接收到数据)
				sc.pipeline().addLast(new StringDecoder());
				sc.pipeline().addLast(new ServerHandler());
			}
		});
		
		//4 绑定连接
		ChannelFuture cf = b.bind(8765).sync();
		
		//等待服务器监听端口关闭
		cf.channel().closeFuture().sync();
		pGroup.shutdownGracefully();
		cGroup.shutdownGracefully();
		
	}
	
}

 

package bhz.netty.ende1;

import io.netty.bootstrap.Bootstrap;
import io.netty.buffer.ByteBuf;
import io.netty.buffer.Unpooled;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelFuture;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelInitializer;
import io.netty.channel.EventLoopGroup;
import io.netty.channel.nio.NioEventLoopGroup;
import io.netty.channel.socket.SocketChannel;
import io.netty.channel.socket.nio.NioSocketChannel;
import io.netty.handler.codec.DelimiterBasedFrameDecoder;
import io.netty.handler.codec.FixedLengthFrameDecoder;
import io.netty.handler.codec.string.StringDecoder;
import io.netty.handler.codec.string.StringEncoder;

public class Client {

	public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
		
		EventLoopGroup group = new NioEventLoopGroup();
		
		Bootstrap b = new Bootstrap();
		b.group(group)
		 .channel(NioSocketChannel.class)
		 .handler(new ChannelInitializer<SocketChannel>() {
			@Override
			protected void initChannel(SocketChannel sc) throws Exception {
				//自定义字符串分包符号
				ByteBuf buf = Unpooled.copiedBuffer("$_".getBytes());
                                //通过设置每次字符串长度分包
		                //sc.pipeline().addLast(new FixedLengthFrameDecoder(5));
				sc.pipeline().addLast(new DelimiterBasedFrameDecoder(1024, buf));
				sc.pipeline().addLast(new StringDecoder());
				sc.pipeline().addLast(new ClientHandler());
			}
		});
		
		ChannelFuture cf = b.connect("127.0.0.1", 8765).sync();
		
		cf.channel().writeAndFlush(Unpooled.wrappedBuffer("bbbb$_".getBytes()));
		cf.channel().writeAndFlush(Unpooled.wrappedBuffer("cccc$_".getBytes()));
		
		
		//等待客户端端口关闭
		cf.channel().closeFuture().sync();
		group.shutdownGracefully();
		
	}
}

 

package bhz.netty.ende1;

import io.netty.buffer.Unpooled;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelHandlerAdapter;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelHandlerContext;

public class ServerHandler extends ChannelHandlerAdapter {


	@Override
	public void channelActive(ChannelHandlerContext ctx) throws Exception {
		System.out.println(" server channel active... ");
	}

	@Override
	public void channelRead(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Object msg) throws Exception {
		//服务器直接以字符串形式接收到数据
		String request = (String)msg;
		System.out.println("Server :" + msg);
		String response = "服务器响应:" + msg ;
		ctx.writeAndFlush(Unpooled.copiedBuffer(response.getBytes()));
	}

	@Override
	public void channelReadComplete(ChannelHandlerContext ctx) throws Exception {
		
	}

	@Override
	public void exceptionCaught(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Throwable t) throws Exception {
		ctx.close();
	}




}

 

package bhz.netty.ende1;

import io.netty.channel.ChannelHandlerAdapter;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelHandlerContext;
import io.netty.util.ReferenceCountUtil;

public class ClientHandler extends ChannelHandlerAdapter{

	@Override
	public void channelActive(ChannelHandlerContext ctx) throws Exception {
		System.out.println("client channel active... ");
	}

	@Override
	public void channelRead(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Object msg) throws Exception {
		try {
			String response = (String)msg;
			System.out.println("Client: " + response);
		} finally {
			ReferenceCountUtil.release(msg);
		}
	}

	@Override
	public void channelReadComplete(ChannelHandlerContext ctx) throws Exception {
	}

	@Override
	public void exceptionCaught(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Throwable cause) throws Exception {
		ctx.close();
	}

}

 

文章评论

软件开发程序错误异常ExceptionCopyright © 2009-2015 MyException 版权所有