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java IO资料操作入门经典例子-学会这些例子,你会发现IO是如此简单

www.MyException.Cn  网友分享于:2013-12-03  浏览:30次
java IO文件操作入门经典例子-学会这些例子,你会发现IO是如此简单
IO是JAVASE中非常重要的一块,是面向对象的完美体现,深入学习IO,你将可以领略到很多面向对象的思想。
在公司没活干,复习了一下IO,发现很多都忘记了,所以写的不好,只够初学用。我把我复习过程中写的代码贴出来,大家共同学习,并请多指教指教哈。顺便一起讨论IO
1、文件拷贝
Java code

try {
            File inputFile = new File(args[0]);
            if (!inputFile.exists()) {
                System.out.println("源文件不存在,程序终止");
                System.exit(1);
            }
            File outputFile = new File(args[1]);
            InputStream in = new FileInputStream(inputFile);
            OutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(outputFile);

            byte date[] = new byte[1024];
            int temp = 0;
            while ((temp = in.read(date)) != -1) {
                out.write(date);
            }

            in.close();
            out.close();
        } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        }



2、java读文件:实现统计某一目录下每个文件中出现的字母个数、数字个数、空格个数及行数,除此之外没有其他字符
Java code

 String fileName = "D:/date.java.bak";
        // String fileName = "D:/test.qqq";
        String line;
        int i = 0, j = 0, f = 0, k = 0;
        try {
            BufferedReader in = new BufferedReader(new FileReader(fileName));
            line = in.readLine();
            while (line != null) {
                // System.out.println(line);
                char c[] = line.toCharArray();
                for (int i1 = 0; i1 < c.length; i1++) {
                    // 如果是字母
                    if (Character.isLetter(c[i1]))
                        i++;
                    // 如果是数字
                    else if (Character.isDigit(c[i1]))
                        j++;
                    // 是空格
                    else if (Character.isWhitespace(c[i1]))
                        f++;
                }
                line = in.readLine();
                k++;
            }
            in.close();
            System.out
                    .println("字母:" + i + ",数字:" + j + ",空格:" + f + ",行数:" + k);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }


3、 从文件(d:\test.txt)中查出字符串”aa”出现的次数
Java code

try {
            BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(new FileReader(
                    "D:\\test.txt"));
            StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
            while (true) {
                String str = br.readLine();
                if (str == null)
                    break;
                sb.append(str);
            }
            Pattern p = Pattern.compile("aa");
            Matcher m = p.matcher(sb);
            int count = 0;
            while (m.find()) {
                count++;
            }
            System.out.println("\"aa\"一共出现了" + count + "次");
        } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }


4、 三种方法读取文件
Java code

 try {
            // 方法一
            BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(new FileReader(new File(
                    "D:\\1.xls")));
            // StringBuilder bd = new StringBuilder();
            StringBuffer bd = new StringBuffer();
            while (true) {
                String str = br.readLine();
                if (str == null) {
                    break;
                }
                System.out.println(str);
                bd.append(str);
            }

            br.close();
            // System.out.println(bd.toString());

            // 方法二
            InputStream is = new FileInputStream(new File("d:\\1.xls"));
            byte b[] = new byte[Integer.parseInt(new File("d:\\1.xls").length()
                    + "")];
            is.read(b);
            System.out.write(b);
            System.out.println();
            is.close();

            // 方法三
            Reader r = new FileReader(new File("d:\\1.xls"));
            char c[] = new char[(int) new File("d:\\1.xls").length()];
            r.read(c);
            String str = new String(c);
            System.out.print(str);
            r.close();

        } catch (RuntimeException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

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