MyException - 我的异常网
当前位置:我的异常网» Linux/Unix » Linux中的其余命令帮助

Linux中的其余命令帮助

www.MyException.Cn  网友分享于:2013-09-17  浏览:0次
Linux中的其他命令帮助
一 选项帮助
命令 --help
获取命令选项的帮助
例如
ls --help
 
二 shell内部命令帮助
help shell内部命令帮助
获取shell内部命令帮助
例如:
whereis cd
确实是否是shell内部命令
help cd
获取内部命令帮助
 
三 详细命令帮助info


 
 
四 实战
[root@localhost test]# ls --help
Usage: ls [OPTION]... [FILE]...
List information about the FILEs (the current directory by default).
Sort entries alphabetically if none of -cftuvSUX nor --sort is specified.
 
Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
-a, --all do not ignore entries starting with .
-A, --almost-all do not list implied . and ..
--author with -l, print the author of each file
-b, --escape print C-style escapes for nongraphic characters
--block-size=SIZE scale sizes by SIZE before printing them; e.g.,
'--block-size=M' prints sizes in units of
1,048,576 bytes; see SIZE format below
-B, --ignore-backups do not list implied entries ending with ~
-c with -lt: sort by, and show, ctime (time of last
modification of file status information);
with -l: show ctime and sort by name;
otherwise: sort by ctime, newest first
-C list entries by columns
--color[=WHEN] colorize the output; WHEN can be 'never', 'auto',
or 'always' (the default); more info below
-d, --directory list directories themselves, not their contents
-D, --dired generate output designed for Emacs' dired mode
-f do not sort, enable -aU, disable -ls --color
-F, --classify append indicator (one of */=>@|) to entries
--file-type likewise, except do not append '*'
--format=WORD across -x, commas -m, horizontal -x, long -l,
single-column -1, verbose -l, vertical -C
--full-time like -l --time-style=full-iso
-g like -l, but do not list owner
--group-directories-first
group directories before files;
can be augmented with a --sort option, but any
use of --sort=none (-U) disables grouping
-G, --no-group in a long listing, don't print group names
-h, --human-readable with -l, print sizes in human readable format
(e.g., 1K 234M 2G)
--si likewise, but use powers of 1000 not 1024
-H, --dereference-command-line
follow symbolic links listed on the command line
--dereference-command-line-symlink-to-dir
follow each command line symbolic link
that points to a directory
--hide=PATTERN do not list implied entries matching shell PATTERN
(overridden by -a or -A)
--indicator-style=WORD append indicator with style WORD to entry names:
none (default), slash (-p),
file-type (--file-type), classify (-F)
-i, --inode print the index number of each file
-I, --ignore=PATTERN do not list implied entries matching shell PATTERN
-k, --kibibytes default to 1024-byte blocks for disk usage
-l use a long listing format
-L, --dereference when showing file information for a symbolic
link, show information for the file the link
references rather than for the link itself
-m fill width with a comma separated list of entries
-n, --numeric-uid-gid like -l, but list numeric user and group IDs
-N, --literal print raw entry names (don't treat e.g. control
characters specially)
-o like -l, but do not list group information
-p, --indicator-style=slash
append / indicator to directories
-q, --hide-control-chars print ? instead of nongraphic characters
--show-control-chars show nongraphic characters as-is (the default,
unless program is 'ls' and output is a terminal)
-Q, --quote-name enclose entry names in double quotes
--quoting-style=WORD use quoting style WORD for entry names:
literal, locale, shell, shell-always, c, escape
-r, --reverse reverse order while sorting
-R, --recursive list subdirectories recursively
-s, --size print the allocated size of each file, in blocks
-S sort by file size
--sort=WORD sort by WORD instead of name: none (-U), size (-S),
time (-t), version (-v), extension (-X)
--time=WORD with -l, show time as WORD instead of default
modification time: atime or access or use (-u)
ctime or status (-c); also use specified time
as sort key if --sort=time
--time-style=STYLE with -l, show times using style STYLE:
full-iso, long-iso, iso, locale, or +FORMAT;
FORMAT is interpreted like in 'date'; if FORMAT
is FORMAT1<newline>FORMAT2, then FORMAT1 applies
to non-recent files and FORMAT2 to recent files;
if STYLE is prefixed with 'posix-', STYLE
takes effect only outside the POSIX locale
-t sort by modification time, newest first
-T, --tabsize=COLS assume tab stops at each COLS instead of 8
-u with -lt: sort by, and show, access time;
with -l: show access time and sort by name;
otherwise: sort by access time
-U do not sort; list entries in directory order
-v natural sort of (version) numbers within text
-w, --width=COLS assume screen width instead of current value
-x list entries by lines instead of by columns
-X sort alphabetically by entry extension
-1 list one file per line
 
SELinux options:
 
--lcontext Display security context. Enable -l. Lines
will probably be too wide for most displays.
-Z, --context Display security context so it fits on most
displays. Displays only mode, user, group,
security context and file name.
--scontext Display only security context and file name.
--help display this help and exit
--version output version information and exit
 
SIZE is an integer and optional unit (example: 10M is 10*1024*1024). Units
are K, M, G, T, P, E, Z, Y (powers of 1024) or KB, MB, ... (powers of 1000).
 
Using color to distinguish file types is disabled both by default and
with --color=never. With --color=auto, ls emits color codes only when
standard output is connected to a terminal. The LS_COLORS environment
variable can change the settings. Use the dircolors command to set it.
 
Exit status:
0 if OK,
1 if minor problems (e.g., cannot access subdirectory),
2 if serious trouble (e.g., cannot access command-line argument).
 
GNU coreutils online help: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>
For complete documentation, run: info coreutils 'ls invocation'
[root@localhost test]# whereis ls
ls: /usr/bin/ls /usr/share/man/man1/ls.1.gz /usr/share/man/man1p/ls.1p.gz
[root@localhost test]# whereis cd
cd: /usr/bin/cd /usr/share/man/man1/cd.1.gz /usr/share/man/man1p/cd.1p.gz
[root@localhost test]# whereis pwd
pwd: /usr/bin/pwd /usr/include/pwd.h /usr/share/man/man1/pwd.1.gz /usr/share/man/man1p/pwd.1p.gz
[root@localhost test]# man cd
[root@localhost test]# help cd
cd: cd [-L|[-P [-e]]] [dir]
Change the shell working directory.
 
Change the current directory to DIR. The default DIR is the value of the
HOME shell variable.
 
The variable CDPATH defines the search path for the directory containing
DIR. Alternative directory names in CDPATH are separated by a colon (:).
A null directory name is the same as the current directory. If DIR begins
with a slash (/), then CDPATH is not used.
 
If the directory is not found, and the shell option `cdable_vars' is set,
the word is assumed to be a variable name. If that variable has a value,
its value is used for DIR.
 
Options:
-L force symbolic links to be followed
-P use the physical directory structure without following symbolic
links
-e if the -P option is supplied, and the current working directory
cannot be determined successfully, exit with a non-zero status
 
The default is to follow symbolic links, as if `-L' were specified.
 
Exit Status:
Returns 0 if the directory is changed, and if $PWD is set successfully when
-P is used; non-zero otherwise.
[root@localhost test]# info ls

文章评论

代码女神横空出世
代码女神横空出世
 程序员的样子
程序员的样子
聊聊HTTPS和SSL/TLS协议
聊聊HTTPS和SSL/TLS协议
初级 vs 高级开发者 哪个性价比更高?
初级 vs 高级开发者 哪个性价比更高?
老程序员的下场
老程序员的下场
那些性感的让人尖叫的程序员
那些性感的让人尖叫的程序员
Java 与 .NET 的平台发展之争
Java 与 .NET 的平台发展之争
2013年美国开发者薪资调查报告
2013年美国开发者薪资调查报告
5款最佳正则表达式编辑调试器
5款最佳正则表达式编辑调试器
旅行,写作,编程
旅行,写作,编程
科技史上最臭名昭著的13大罪犯
科技史上最臭名昭著的13大罪犯
2013年中国软件开发者薪资调查报告
2013年中国软件开发者薪资调查报告
程序员的一天:一寸光阴一寸金
程序员的一天:一寸光阴一寸金
如何区分一个程序员是“老手“还是“新手“?
如何区分一个程序员是“老手“还是“新手“?
编程语言是女人
编程语言是女人
看13位CEO、创始人和高管如何提高工作效率
看13位CEO、创始人和高管如何提高工作效率
当下全球最炙手可热的八位少年创业者
当下全球最炙手可热的八位少年创业者
为啥Android手机总会越用越慢?
为啥Android手机总会越用越慢?
什么才是优秀的用户界面设计
什么才是优秀的用户界面设计
不懂技术不要对懂技术的人说这很容易实现
不懂技术不要对懂技术的人说这很容易实现
程序员和编码员之间的区别
程序员和编码员之间的区别
10个调试和排错的小建议
10个调试和排错的小建议
那些争议最大的编程观点
那些争议最大的编程观点
10个帮程序员减压放松的网站
10个帮程序员减压放松的网站
我跳槽是因为他们的显示器更大
我跳槽是因为他们的显示器更大
如何成为一名黑客
如何成为一名黑客
十大编程算法助程序员走上高手之路
十大编程算法助程序员走上高手之路
漫画:程序员的工作
漫画:程序员的工作
Web开发人员为什么越来越懒了?
Web开发人员为什么越来越懒了?
总结2014中国互联网十大段子
总结2014中国互联网十大段子
Google伦敦新总部 犹如星级庄园
Google伦敦新总部 犹如星级庄园
老美怎么看待阿里赴美上市
老美怎么看待阿里赴美上市
“肮脏的”IT工作排行榜
“肮脏的”IT工作排行榜
程序猿的崛起——Growth Hacker
程序猿的崛起——Growth Hacker
程序员应该关注的一些事儿
程序员应该关注的一些事儿
我是如何打败拖延症的
我是如何打败拖延症的
程序员周末都喜欢做什么?
程序员周末都喜欢做什么?
Web开发者需具备的8个好习惯
Web开发者需具备的8个好习惯
做程序猿的老婆应该注意的一些事情
做程序猿的老婆应该注意的一些事情
写给自己也写给你 自己到底该何去何从
写给自己也写给你 自己到底该何去何从
要嫁就嫁程序猿—钱多话少死的早
要嫁就嫁程序猿—钱多话少死的早
一个程序员的时间管理
一个程序员的时间管理
我的丈夫是个程序员
我的丈夫是个程序员
60个开发者不容错过的免费资源库
60个开发者不容错过的免费资源库
程序员都该阅读的书
程序员都该阅读的书
中美印日四国程序员比较
中美印日四国程序员比较
程序员必看的十大电影
程序员必看的十大电影
每天工作4小时的程序员
每天工作4小时的程序员
亲爱的项目经理,我恨你
亲爱的项目经理,我恨你
软件开发程序错误异常ExceptionCopyright © 2009-2015 MyException 版权所有