Enters the main event loop and waits until exit() is called. Returns the value that was set to exit() (which is 0 if exit() is called via quit()).
It is necessary to call this function to start event handling. The main event loop receives events from the window system and dispatches these to the application widgets.
To make your application perform idle processing (i.e. executing a special function whenever there are no pending events), use a QTimer with 0 timeout. More advanced idle processing schemes can be achieved using processEvents().
We recommend that you connect clean-up code to the aboutToQuit() signal, instead of putting it in your application's main() function because on some platforms the QCoreApplication::exec() call may not return. For example, on Windows when the user logs off, the system terminates the process after Qt closes all top-level windows. Hence, there is no guarantee that the application will have time to exit its event loop and execute code at the end of the main() function after the QCoreApplication::exec() call.